Mold belongs to the fungus family of organisms. It thrives both indoors and out. Molds are a vital part of the ecology outside. They aid in the decomposition of plant and animal materials. It is sometimes problematic when mold grows within. In some people, it might induce allergies and infections.
Types of Mold
Molds of many sorts can coexist in the same space. Without testing, it’s not always possible to detect the difference between mold types. You don’t need to recognize the kinds of mold to get rid of it, thankfully. The following are the most frequent molds found indoors:
- Cladosporium: This mold might be brown, green, or black in color. Cladosporium thrives in both hot and cold environments. It’s most commonly found on wood, carpets, or fabrics, as well as in HVAC ducts.
- Penicillium: The fuzzy mold might be blue, green, or yellow in color. It’s commonly discovered under carpets, in basements, and in insulation, especially when water damage has occurred.
- Aspergillus: Aspergillus looks powdery and is green, white, or gray in color. This mold does not require much ventilation. It thrives on dry food items, as well as fabrics, walls, attics, and basements.
Other molds are less common indoors than the ones described above, but they may still be present in your house. Among them are:
- Alternaria: This white mold has black blotches on it. It thrives in fabrics and wallpaper, as well as near windows and air conditioners, bathrooms, and kitchens.
- Aureobasidium: This pink mold has black dots. Wood, walls, caulking, and grout are the most usual places to find it.
- Stachybotrys chartarum: This greenish-black mold, sometimes known as black mold, thrives on cellulose-rich materials. Paper, fiberboard, and gypsum board are common places to find it (drywall).
- Trichoderma: This mold is creamy white, but as it releases spores, it becomes green. It can be found on wood, windows, baths, and kitchens.
Mold Related Illness
Mold spores are inhaled by the majority of people without causing any health problems. Inhaling some varieties of mold, however, might cause a lung infection or other illnesses in persons with specific health conditions.
Examples of mold-related infections include:
- valley fever (coccidioidomycosis
You may be at a higher risk of these illnesses if you have conditions such as:
- chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
- the compromised immune system, including people who take corticosteroids or have HIV
- cystic fibrosis
Mold allergies can cause asthma attacks in those who already have them. Symptoms may require the use of inhalers. High levels of mold in the house have also been linked to asthma in school-aged children, according to Trusted Source.
There have been claims that black mold exposure causes health problems like memory loss and headaches. This was considered to be due to the release of harmful chemicals termed mycotoxins by black mold spores. Experts, on the other hand, believe that black mold does not enhance the risk of certain health problems.